a disabling hand disorder in which thick, scar-like tissue bands form within the palm and may extend into the fingers. It can cause restricted movement, bending the fingers into an abnormal position.
The condition is thought to be due to a decrease in vascularity and an increase in connective tissue within the nail bed. It frequently occurs in the setting of hepatic failure, cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, hyperthyroidism, and/or malnutrition.
Spider angioma is a common sign in patients with liver cirrhosis
Palmarerythema is a reddening of the palms of the hands affecting the thenar and hypothenar eminences. The soles of the feet are often also affected.
Purpura occurs when small blood vessels under the skin leak.
When purpura spots are very small, they are called petechiae. Large purpura are called ecchymoses.
Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of the male breast resulting from a proliferation of the glandular component of the breast.
When gynecomastia occurs in adult males, it is usually caused by another condition, such as liver or lung cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, overactive thyroid, or by hormone problems, such as cancer of the pituitary gland , adrenal glands , or testicles. Alcohol, marijuana, methamphetamine, and heroin use also may cause gynecomastia.
is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
is a yellowish discoloration of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae(whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia (increased levels of bilirubin in the blood).
an observable swelling in certain parts of the body
Varices are dilated veins in the distal esophagus or proximal stomach caused by elevated pressure in the portal venous system, typically from cirrhosis.
Caput medusae is the appearance of distended and engorged paraumbilical veins, which are seen radiating from the umbilicus across the abdomen to join systemic veins
Severe Caput Medusa